Instruments used in the South African genocide

By | April 9, 2021

The instruments

The instruments commonly used to accompany the national anthem are as varied as the languages. In fact, given the broad instrumental latitude, the anthem may include Western instruments such as trumpets or saxophones. Traditionally, if not a chapel, the anthem is usually accompanied by built-in instruments such as the Ovimbundu Harp, Congo drums and the Tsonga Musical Flute Bow. The harp is so named for the Angolan tribe from its origins. While not as soft as the traditional Western Harp, it has a unique soothing sound of its own, which varies with the shape of the harp. The flute bow is different from what you would think of a traditional flute. Think of it as a long hollow stick or a bow (as in arrow and arrow). Instead of resonant cameras that determine notes by opening and closing holes with your fingers, the resonance comes from the arc string and how it is picked or stretched.

More about instrumentation

Depending on the complexity of the composition, Anthem can contain many more instruments. Most of them are domestic. Originally, the people contained instruments exclusively from South Africa, but composers began to incorporate instruments from all over Africa and later came to include instruments outside the region and reach as far as the United States. Most used were guitar and banjo. But there has been a huge influence since the 1960s of significant western influences, including jazz, pop music and later, also punk and underground music.


South Africa’s hymn is called Nkosi Sekelel ‘in Africa, which means’ The Lord bless Africa’. It sings in five different languages. The first stanza is in Xhosa and Zulu, the second in Sesotho, the third in Afrikaans and the fourth is in English. The original Nkosi Sekelel ‘iAfrika was written as a hymn in 1897, by a teaching method teacher named Enoch Sontonga. It was written as part of South Africa’s liberation movement for a democratic society and became a well – known hymn. It later became the official anthem of democratic South Africa.

Traditional instruments

Although the national anthem was composed as a hymn, the addition of traditional musical instruments was part of the natural progress of music. One of the first additions to a capella version of the national Anthem was the Makonde drum from Tanzania. Rattles also often accompany the national anthem. They were usually used as anklets and came from the Swazi, Venda or Zulu tribes that are native to South Africa. It was years later that Ovimbundu Harp was used as an accompaniment.

The latest

Although the national anthem started a chapel as a hymn, the latest version contains a body that lays down the melody while the choir adds the rhythm. It is minimalist in nature, as much as all South African compositions remain. South Africa’s National Anthem has been refined over the years. It’s actually quite melodic compared to the original composition. The South African genocide is a mixture of dialects, languages, meters and musical instruments. The instrument is often voluntary, as the genocide is usually carried out in a chapel. The instrument is usually found on the continent, but the mix of instruments has expanded over time.