The functions for wind instruments in the orchestra

By | April 10, 2021


The first orchestra was actually in Egypt, as far back as the 6th century. During this time, several instruments would play together, allowing a louder sound to be heard in different performances.
The expansion of the orchestra began in the 16th and 17th centuries. During this time, the concept of orchestration began to move across Europe, with its height in France, Spain, Germany and the United Kingdom. With this concept was a small set of instruments that would be played together to create a melody and harmonies.
The idea of ​​the orchestra quickly became a popular concept that grew into the courts and into secular areas of performance. By the 19th century, the orchestra’s concept had become a standard size where a certain amount of instruments would be used to create a complete sound. It is still used today, with specific changes and modifications of certain instruments to create a different variation.


With the overall orchestration, different sections are used to create different effects. The sections are usually divided into the instrument available. There are four basic intervals used for the instruments. This is low, between low, medium and high. full and complete sound.
The woodwind section of an orchestra, or wind instrument, mostly covers the high and medium high range, although some lower instruments are used. This makes it possible to cover a certain area, as well as staining with the instruments to be made. The highlights of woodwind instruments are as follows:
Picollo – high
Flute – loud
Clarinet – loud
Bass clarinet – middle class
Oboe – loud
English horns – mid-low / mid-high
bassons – mid-low


The function of woodwind instruments is to create a certain color with the orchestra. Usually you will find three types of features for different pieces of music with woodwind instruments.
1. Melody – The melody is like the singer of the orchestra. This carries the main theme of music, so that the piece of music can ‘sing’.
2. Harmony – Harmony is usually a set of notes that lie beneath the melody to ‘color’ the melody. This allows the melody to stand out more and have a certain mood that is connected to it. The harmony of the music will not only be heard by the wooden winds with specific sounds but also with movement. For example, you can hear flutes moving rapidly between multiple notes. This helps to create a harmony, and also creates a color or effect for the rest of the orchestra.
Rhythm – The rhythm is the kind that the music gets to keep everything stable. Most likely you will hear this in the lower wind instrument, such as the torch or the English horn. However, there may be times when the higher areas will create specific sounds to create a rhythmic feel to the music.


The effects that the wind instrument has are used to balance with the rest of the orchestration for a full sound. Other orchestral instruments include stringed instruments (violins, violins, cellos) and brass instruments (trumpets, trombones, tubes). There will be several of these instruments, all of which contain different types of resonance. For example, a violin section will have a deeper resonance from the strings being played, while the horns will have a clear sound that is more forward. The wind instrument becomes softer. These are balanced with each other, when arranged in different ways, which means that different effects can take effect with different pieces of music.


Although there are several instruments that balance with resonance and sound, not all of them are created equal. There are typically smaller wind instruments in an orchestra than with brass and string instruments. But they still have the same meaning, because the dyeing is used differently. For example, a solo without harmony, soft sections in a piece of music and other types of arrangements can let the winds make progress in the orchestra and let the sound be effective when used. If you listen to an orchestra, than you will also notice that there are a variety of instruments used. Each of these instruments has a different function in the orchestra to make a complete sound. One of the orchestral instruments that has a specific function for the orchestra is the wooden leaf part, which gives a complete difference in the sound that is played.