The history of Spanish guitar history

By | April 10, 2021

Deep Roots

Although the Spanish guitar did not emerge about 400 years ago, its roots go back to when the Sumerians played stringed instruments similar to a guitar (it had a neck and a fretboard) around 2500 BC. . The first guitar had three double strings and an extra high single string in the 14th century. Finally, in the 16th century, the Spanish guitar made its breakthrough.


During the Renaissance, the instrument ‘slope’ was a favorite among Western Europe. The incline was a guitar-like instrument that had a pear-shaped body with strings and a fretboard. It held the highest respect for all musical instruments at that time. In Spain, however, the Spanish guitar became a popular instrument. It had more of a modern guitar look to it, as we see today. First, there were two types of guitars – the vihuela, which had 11 strings (five double strings, one single and plucked) and the guitars latina, which consisted of four double strings and drummed. It was not until the 18th century that the lute lost its popularity and the Spanish guitar spread to France, Germany and Italy.

Rejection of the Spanish guitar

By the 18th century, the Spanish guitar had been used by the Luxury Court of France’s Louis XIV and the Sun King began taking lessons on it. The guitar was played all the time throughout Europe until other string instruments, such as the violin, harpsichord and piano, began to attract more attention. some guitar changes (the addition of a sixth string, the low E-string), the guitar rallied in its international fame and was used again.

Famous guitarists in Spain

The 20th century featured several popular Spanish guitar players. Dionisio Aguado was not only a player but also a composer. He wrote ‘Metodo para gitarra’, which is still considered one of the best written during this time frame. He played from a sitting position while the instrument was stuffed on a stand. Julian Arca s was a Spanish guitarist who came after Aguado and toured Spain. After becoming famous in Spain, he traveled to England where he performed at the Brighton Pavilion in front of members of the royal family. He had more than 80 compositions published.

Spanish guitar reaches the new world

The Spanish guitar was actually known in the New World as early as the 16th century. But the popularity of the instrument did not emerge until the 20th century when machines and factory methods were created to build the instrument. These guitar developments brought hundreds of guitar players and guitar manufacturers to North and South America. The Spanish guitar historically had its opponents (other string instruments) to compete with early, but it easily became a well-known instrument, not only in Spain but throughout Europe and eventually the world. Through many changes and additions to the instrument, famous Spanish guitarists, such as Dionisio Aguado and Julian Arcas, took advantage of their talent, the instrument and praised themselves and to Spain.